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Mapp & Hession Pharmacy Murwillumbah King Street Chemist Greg Mapp & Paul Hession

Address Line One | Address Line Two | Address Line Three

We are passionate about providing you with all round health solutions.


Please use this resource page as your gateway to better health.  Talk to our pharmacists about ways we can collaborate to support your needs.

Your Health Fact Sheet

Aromatherapy

Aromatherapy offers a natural alternative to commercial skin care products with the added benefit of being relatively inexpensive.


You are able to mix and blend your own selection of essential oils to benefit your skin type perfectly.


For Normal to Dry Skin

  • Cleanse with the following blend - 10ml sweet almond oil, 5 drops of lavender oil. To make this an exfoliant scrub, add some ground nuts or oatmeal to form a paste.
  • Rinse this off with a washer or face towel that has been soaked in lukewarm water with 2 drops of either rose or sandalwood essential oils. Remember to always avoid the eye area. This acts as a toner for the skin.
  • Moisturise in the day with - 20g of an unscented base cream which suits your skin type mixed with 3 drops of palmarosa oil, 2 drops sandalwood oil 4 drops of rose in jojoba oil and 5 drops neroli in jojoba oil.


If you need a mask, make up the following mixture and leave on the face for 10 - 30 minutes -

  • 2 drops sandalwood oil
  • 2 drops neroli oil
  • 1 drop roman chamomile oil
  • 1 tablespoon honey.
  • Rinse off with lukewarm water. Always use the mask before moisturising.


If your skin is particularly dry, try performing a steam inhalation before moisturising the skin.
Add a few drops of lavender oil and lean over a bowl of hot water for several minutes.


For Normal to Oily Skin

1. Cleanse by adding the following essential oils to 50g of grated pure soap or a natural liquid soap, mixing well.

  • 2 drops of lemon oil
  • 2 drops of cypress oil
  • 4 drops geranium oil
  • 50g your favourite natural soap mix.

Massage this mixture gently onto the face and throat area. Rinse thoroughly with warm water.


2. Tone by rinsing the face with a citrus floral water or you can add two drops of lemon oil to a bowl of warm water and sponge over the face. Do not use near the eyes.


3. Moisturising - mix together the following -

  • 2 drops lemon oil
  • 2 drops cypress oil
  • 2 drops geranium oil
  • 3 drops cedarwood oil
  • 30g base cream


If you need a mask to help refine the look of your skin, apply the following blend to the face and leave for 30 minutes.

  • 2 teaspoons natural yogurt
  • 2 drops lemon oil
  • 1 drop geranium oil
  • 1 drop ylang ylang oil


Use this mixture before moisturising then rinse off with warm water.


If you have pimples, apply tea tree oil essential oil neat onto the spot or you can add 2 drops of the oil into a dab of base cream and apply to your whole face. Repeat 2 or 3 times per day.

Aromatherapy for Skin Care

Aromatherapy is ideal for use in the hair and can improve the condition of the scalp. Use one of the following blends before you shampoo your hair. Pick the blend which best matches your hair type. Mix the essential oils into a base or carrier oil, then massage the scalp. Put a shower cap on (to trap the heat) and then wrap hair and shower cap in a towel to condition and strengthen the hair.


Wait at least 1 hour before washing your hair.


The following blends should be mixed into 20 ml (1 tablespoon) of carrier oil. A good carrier oil for hair is jojoba.

Oily Hair -

Blend 4 drops of basil essential oil, 4 drops of cypress oil and 2 drops of rosemary oil into the carrier oil.


Dry Hair -

3 drops of lavender oil, 4 drops of sandalwood oil and 3 drops of geranium oil.


Normal Hair -
3 drops of rosemary oil, 3 drops of lemon oil and 4 drops of geranium oil.


Dandruff -

4 drops lavender oil, 4 drops geranium oil, 2 drops of sandalwood oil.


Greasy dandruff -

3 drops of tea tree oil, 1 drop rosemary oil, 2 drops juniper oil, 2 drops cedarwood oil and 2 drops lemon oil.

Aromatherapy for Your Hair

Botanical Name - (Scimum basilicum)

Part of plant used - Leaves and flowering tops


Basil is light green in colour and was traditionally used as a culinary herb in the countries of India, Asia and in the Mediterranean. Basil is a top note, has a strong herb aroma and vapourises quickly.


Emotional Applications

  • to focus on a task
  • to concentration
  • to be more decisiveness
  • relieves mental fatigue
  • for clarity
  • for inner strength


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from headaches and cold symptoms - bronchitis, coughs in chest - inhalation
  • Dyspepsia - massage
  • Flatulence - massage abdomen
  • Relief from and prevention of muscular aches and pains, cramps and spasms - massage, compress
  • Cold sores - apply neat


Cautions

  • Do not use if pregnant
  • For adults use only
  • Do not take internally


Basil Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Citrus aurantium, bergamia)
Part of plant used - Fruit peel


Bergamot has a gentle and uplifting aroma and is great for people who are suffering from anxiety or stress or just need a jovial lift. This plant was first grown in Northern Italy. Bergamot oil is light, floral and citrus. It is a top note and vapourises quickly.


Emotional Applications

  • to be uplifted
  • to help with depression and anxiety
  • good for stress related problems


Physical Applications

  • Relieves certain skin conditions such as - acne, boils, cold sores and eczema - direct application
  • Oily skin - apply topically in a base cream
  • Urinary tract infections - massage abdomen
  • Refreshing during late pregnancy


Cautions

  • Do not take internally
  • Do not use for prolonged periods
  • This oil may increase skin photosensitivity - do not apply before going out into the sun as it may cause skin problems.
  • If your cystitis (urinary tract infections) persists longer than 48 hours or you see blood in your urine you need immediate medical attention

Bergamot Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Piper nigrum)
Part of plant used - Fruit (dried peppercorns)


Black pepper was held in very high regard by the ancient Romans and also the Chinesemedicine people. The aroma is distinctive and warming and the therapeutic uses are many. It is a middle note.


Emotional Applications

  • to be stimulated
  • to boost energy levels
  • to become more organised
  • warming and energising


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from rheumatic pain, muscle stiffness and tired aching limbs - massage, bath and warm compress
  • Chilblains - massage, foot or hand bath
  • warms up cold hands and feet - massage, foot bath
  • Muscular warm ups before physical exertion - massage
  • Relief of flatulence - massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally
  • Do not use on children
  • Use only in small doses as prescribed

Black Pepper Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Melaleuca cajuputi)
Part of plant used - Leaf and twig


Cajuput oil has been used for centuries as a remedy for rheumatism and cholera and has other antiseptic uses. It is a top not and vapourises quickly.


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from rheumatic pain, muscle stiffness and tired aching limbs - massage, bath and warm compress
  • Inhibits bacteria therefore good for colds, sinus, bronchial cough and respiratory infections - vapouriser, gargle (do not swallow any of gargle and use only one drop of essential oil to half glass water) and massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally - if swallowed seek medical attention immediately and DO NOT INDUCE vomiting. Give a glass of water.
  • Do not use on children


Cajuput Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Electtaria cardamomum)
Part of plant used - Fruit


Cardamon comes from a plant that is in the ginger family. Cardamon is used for the relief of mucus forming illness and stomach problems.


Emotional Applications

  • to rid unwanted thoughts
  • to calm yourself physically


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief of the symptoms of catarrh and coughs - vapourise
  • Treats the discomfort of gastritis and stomach discomforts - massage and bath
  • Can stimulate the appetite.
  • Can alleviate bad breath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally
  • Do not use on children
  • For adult use only

Cardamon Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (juniperus virginiana; cedrus atlantica)
Part of plant used - Twig/wood


Cedarwood has properties which aid in the balancing of oil producing ducts in the skin. It was used in the ancient Egyptian times by beauticians as a preserver. Cedarwood has a dry, woody aroma which has a restful yet strong effect on its users.


Emotional Applications

  • for the relief of stress or tension
  • for comfort, stability and emotional strength
  • soothing and calming effects


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from bronchial cough - inhalation, vapouriser
  • Catarrh - inhalation, vapouriser, chest massage
  • Congestion - inhalation, vapouriser, chest massage
  • Vaginal itching (external) - topical application
  • Dry skin - massage
  • Oily skin - topical in a cream
  • Oily dandruff - scalp massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally
  • Do not give to children
  • Do not use if pregnant.

Cedarwood Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Matricaria chamomilla)
Part of plant used - Flowers


German Chamomile has all the properties of Roman Chamomile but is more intense. This oil is not suitable for children.


Emotional Applications

  • for peace in turmoil situations
  • for soothing


Physical Applications

  • Relief from arthritis, fibrositis and rheumatism - massage, bath
  • Digestive problems - indigestion, dyspepsia or colic - massage
  • Cough of bronchitis and symptoms of laryngitis, and sinus - vapouriser, bath and steam inhalation
  • Relieves the symptoms of psoriasis - massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally
  • Do not give to children
  • If symptoms persist, see your doctor.

Chamomile (German) Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Anthemis nobilis) also see Chamomile German
Part of plant used - Flowers


Roman Chamomile has been used for centuries to treat various health and beauty complaints which require soothing and calming. This oil may be used on children to help them relax. It is a middle note.


Emotional Applications

  • to nurture your mind, spirit and body
  • to sooth
  • to open to intuition before taking actions
  • to relieve mild stress and anxiety


Physical Applications

  • Relief from PMS and cramps - massage, bath
  • Dry skin conditions - eczema, sunburn, rashes, broken capillaries and dermatitis - topical
  • Insect bites - bath, topical in carrier oil
  • Digestive problems - indigestion, diarrhoea, vomiting, dyspepsia or colic - massage
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Relaxes scalp - mix in shampoo
  • Lightens fair hair - mix in shampoo
  • Temporary relief of headache and migraine - massage on temples, neck and shoulders
  • Relaxes children who are tense or upset - bath (no. of drops depend on age - see entry on aromatherapy)
  • Inflamed joints - topical, then warm compress or bath
  • Sprains - warm compress


Cautions

  • Do not take internally


Chamomile (Roman) Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Salvia sclarea)
Part of plant used - Whole herb


Clary sage is a European herb. It has euphoric properties - creating positivity and happiness to its user. It possesses a herbal, nutty scent and is a top to middle note.


Emotional Applications

  • will help change problems into insights
  • to be happy and euphoric
  • calming


Physical Applications

  • Muscular aches and pains - inhalation, vapouriser, massage
  • Asthma - chest massage - do not inhale
  • Stomach cramps - massage stomach, compress
  • PMS symptoms - massage, compress
  • Flatulence
  • Digestion - massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally
  • Do not give to children
  • Do not use if pregnant.
  • Do not use if drinking alcohol


Clary Sage Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Syzygium aromaticum)
Part of plant used - Bud

Clove was used by the Chinese to freshen their breath and in other parts of the world was used as ornaments around the neck to protect against disease. This oil is sweet, hot, rich and spicy and is a base note with the aroma lasting for a long time.


Emotional Applications

  • to relax


Physical Applications

  • Temprary relief of pain - arthritis, rheumatism, sprains and bruises - massage
  • Can be used on teeth if sore - add to toothpaste
  • To freshen breath - add 1 drop to a half glass of water and gargle - do not swallow
  • For sore throats - as above
  • Gastritis and stomach upsets - massage blend - massage in clockwise direction


Cautions

  •  Do not take internally
  • Do not give to children


Clove Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Cupressus sempervirens)
Part of plant used - Needles


Cypress plants are tall perennials found in Greece. The arouma is clarifying, calming and cleansing on the mind of the user. This oil can help to rid the body and mind of wastes and negativity. It is a middle to base note.


Emotional Applications

  • to reduce negativity in the mind
  • to gain security in troubled situations


Physical Applications

  • Fluid retention - bath
  • PMS - massage
  • Haemorrhoids - massage
  • Runny nose that won’t stop - vapourise
  • Excessive perspiration - massage
  • Oily skin - topical, compress
  • Bleeding gums - gargle
  • Asthma - massage, vapouriser
  • Peripheral circulation - massage using upward strokes, bath
  • Enlarged pores, broken capillaries, refines oily complexions - facial oil or steam inhalation


Cautions

  • Do not take internally
  • Do not use during pregnancy


Cypress Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Eucalyptus polybractea)
Part of plant used - Leaf and twig
 

Eucalyptus is very popular as an antiseptic worldwide. It is sweet smelling and is a top note. It is without peer as an antiseptic and decongestant and can be used many ways.


Emotional Applications

  • · to gain more energy
  • · to gain freedom from disease
  • · purifying


Physical Applications

  • Relief of symptoms of colds and respiratory problems - vapourisation and steam inhalation
  • Bronchial coughs, and congested sinuses - as above
  • Skin infections and wounds - direct application - (5 drops in 10ml of carrier oil)
  • Cystitis - topical application
  • Temporary relief of arthritis and rheumatism - massage, bath
  • Temporary relief of headaches - temple and head massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally - if swallowed, go to a doctor or hospital immediately. Do not induce vomiting. Give water.

Eucalyptus Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Foeniculum vulgare)
Part of plant used - Seed


Fennel is very close to a liquorice or aniseed aroma, the scent is fresh with a slight pepper overtone. It is a top to middle note. This oil has been used to help new mothers increase their milk supply if insufficient. It is entirely safe for this purpose.


Emotional Applications

  • creates a sense of warmth and vitality


Physical Applications

  • Insufficient milk in new mothers - massage, compress
  •  Indigestion, flatulence, dyspepsia, constipation and colic - massage abdomen clockwise
  • Relief from PMS (helps regulate cycle) - massage clockwise
  • Cellulite - massage, bath
  • Stress and mild anxiety - vapouriser


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use topically during pregnancy
  • Not to be used on children under 6 years old
  • Not to be used on or near epileptics


Fennel Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Boswellia carterii; olibanum)
Part of plant used - Gum


Frankincense oil has been used for centuries, it is a very spiritual oil and has often been used in church services and ceremonies. It was highly regarded in ancient times as it omits a haunting, majestic and woody aroma with a spicy note. Frankincense is in limited supply and is often more expensive than other oils. It will last a long time once purchased and looked after properly. This oil is a base note as it is quite slow to vapourise.


Emotional Applications

  • protects your personal space
  • adds focus and insights to your meditations
  • to be more connected with yourself and others


Physical Applications

  • Aids fluid retention - massage, bath
  • Dry/mature skin - massage
  • Scars and wrinkles - massage
  • Relieves stress - massage, vapouriser
  • Respiratory conditions - bronchitis and asthma - vapouriser and chest massage (notinhalation for asthma sufferers).
  • Mucus - vapouriser, inhalation, chest massage
  • Cystitis - massage lower abdomen


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.

Frankincense Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Pelargonium graveolens)
Part of plant used - leaves


Geranium was used one to protect one’s home from evil spirits. Today it is thought to have special healing properties for women and women’s problems. It is a rosy scented oil with a rich bouquet. Geranium is a middle note oil.


Emotional Applications

  • to gain emotional balance
  • to become connected with nature
  • creates harmony


Physical Applications

  • Aids depression - massage, vapouriser, bath
  • Infections -warm compress, topical
  • Normalises the oil production in skin - good for over oily or combination skins - add to skin or facial oil
  • PMS - massage
  • Acne - topical in base cream
  • Hot flushes - massage
  • Stress/anxiety - bath, massage or vapouriser


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use on red or inflamed skin.
  • Some people are sensitive to this oil - do a patch test first.

Geranium Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Zingiber officinalis)
Part of plant used - root


Ginger has warming properties and is often beneficial for painrelief or circulation problems. Very common remedy in the middle ages as an exotic flavour. Ginger is an expectorant, digestive aid and is drying. Having a warm aroma, it is a top note.


Emotional Applications

  • to take on challenges in life
  • to move easily and effortlessly
  • finding stability


Physical Applications

  • Brings warmth and temporary relief to aches and pains, rheumatism, sprains and joint pains - massage, warm compress
  • Poor circulation - massage, bath
  • Digestion problems - massage, compress
  • Travel sickness/nausea - inhale from bottle or rub onto hands and inhale or put oil onto handkerchief and inhale.
  • Relief from colds - vapouriser, put onto handkerchief and inhale
  • Pain from cystitis - massage clockwise on lower abdomen


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use before going into the sun
  • Some people are sensitive to this oil - do a patch test first.

Ginger Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Citrus paradisi, macfaden)
Part of plant used - fruit peel

Grapefruit is high in Vitamin C and works effectively against infections. Its aroma is refreshing, uplifting and citrusy. Is often used to help with different emotional states.


Emotional Applications

  • promotes activity and health
  • releases the past and creates excitement about the future and its opportunities


Physical Applications

  • Fluid retention - massage
  • Cellulite - massage - use firm upward strokes towards the heart to assist in eliminating toxins and wastes
  • Temporary relief of bronchial cough, colds and flu - steam inhalation or massage into chest, throat and neck
  • Stress, anxiety, depression, nervousness - vapouriser, bath, massage
  • Skin that is oily with enlarged pores and puffiness - steam inhalation


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use before going into the sun
  • Some people are sensitive to this oil - do a patch test first.

Grapefruit Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Jasminum officinale)
Part of plant used - flower


Jasmine is a beautiful scented oil which is often used to heighten romance. It is often valuable during childbirth and after. Gives relief from bronchial coughs if massaged into the chest and back. The oil is a result of millions of the jasmine petals being harvested at precisely the correct time of day. This is painstaking and time consuming and makes jasmine oil very expensive. Jasmine is a middle to base note.


Emotional Applications

  • can help depression
  • to explore romance
  • celebrate
  • apathy, indifference, frigidity, lethargy
  • to build confidence


Physical Applications

  • During childbirth - massage the abdomen and lower back
  • Uterine problems - massage the abdomen clockwise
  • Dry or oily skin - massage
  • Mature skins - massage
  • symptoms of laryngitis - vapourise, massage
  • Menstrual pain, cramps and spasms - massage
  • General well being - vapouriser
  • Stress/nervous tension - vapouriser, massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • If pregnant do not use prior to going into labour.

Jasmine Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Juniperus communis)
Part of plant used - berries


Juniper oil has a detoxifying affect on the body. It has a clear, spicy wood aroma often used as an aftershave. It eliminates fluids and toxic waste from the body and can be invigorating as well.


Emotional Applications

  • as a release from past experiences
  • ridding the mind from negative and unwanted emotions
  • purifying


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from rheumatism and arthritis - massage, warm compress
  • Fluid retention and PMS - massage, compress
  • Gout - compress
  • Urinary infections - massage, compress


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use if pregnant.
  • Not to be used if you have liver or kidney problems.


Juniper Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Lavandula angustifolia)
Part of plant used - flowers and leaves


Lavender has many wonderful and health giving properties. It is a general healing oil which has an appealing elegant, floral aroma with woody undertones. This oil is a middle note. Lavender appeals to all sorts of people of different ages for emotional and physical healing.


Emotional Applications

  • calming
  • depression, hysteria
  • freedom from worries and concerns
  • increases concern for your own well being and health


Physical Applications

  • Relaxes when stressed, tense and mild anxiety - bath, massage, vapouriser
  • Burns and sunburn - gentle light massage
  • PMS - massage on abdomen in clockwise strokes
  • Psoriasis, dermatitis and eczema - massage
  • Hyperactivity and restlessness in children - bath, massage
  • Insect bites and stings - topical undiluted
  • Headaches - massage on temple, cheeks, neck and shoulders
  • Insomnia - put one drop onto pillow, vapouriser, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.

Lavender Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Lavandula angustifolia)
Part of plant used - flowers and leaves


Lavender has many wonderful and health giving properties. It is a general healing oil which has an appealing elegant, floral aroma with woody undertones. This oil is a middle note. Lavender appeals to all sorts of people of different ages for emotional and physical healing.


Emotional Applications

  • calming
  • depression, hysteria
  • freedom from worries and concerns
  • increases concern for your own well being and health


Physical Applications

  • Relaxes when stressed, tense and mild anxiety - bath, massage, vapouriser
  • Burns and sunburn - gentle light massage
  • PMS - massage on abdomen in clockwise strokes
  • Psoriasis, dermatitis and eczema - massage
  • Hyperactivity and restlessness in children - bath, massage
  • Insect bites and stings - topical undiluted
  • Headaches - massage on temple, cheeks, neck and shoulders
  • Insomnia - put one drop onto pillow, vapouriser, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.

Lemon Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Cymbopogon citratus)
Part of plant used - herb

Lemon Grass oil is a light top note with a strong tangy, sweet, citrusy aroma. Quite often used in vapourisers to create uplifting smells. This oil is usually accepted and liked by most people and can be used in public places.


Emotional Applications

  • enlivens senses
  • vitality increases
  • helps to take a new approach


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from headaches - massage on temples head, neck and shoulders, vapouriser
  • Muscular aches and pains - massage, bath
  • Digestive system - massage, vapouriser, bath
  • Fatigue - bath, vapouriser, massage
  • Jet lag - inhalation on tissue, compress, bath
  • Infections - inhalation, massage, topical, vapouriser, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • If you have sensitive skin - do a patch test first.

Lemongrass Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Cirus aurantifolia)
Part of plant used - fruit

Lime has strong citrus overtones with a characteristic reviving quality. Lime is similar to lemon in many ways and will improve the aroma of many blends.


Emotional Applications

  • aids closeness with other people
  • to take a fresh approach
  • helps tired minds and apathy


Physical Applications

  • Aids infections - sore throat and mouth ulcers - gargle
  • Colds/flu - inhalation
  • Oily skin - use topically in oil free base cream
  • Nervous tension - vapouriser, massage


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • If you have sensitive skin - do a patch test first.
  • Do not use before going out in the sun

Lime Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Citrus reticulata, blanco)
Part of plant used - fruit peel


Mandarin oil is gentle, smoothing and has strengthening properties. It aids concentration and feeling positive. The aroma is sweet and tangy and is a top to middle note.


Emotional Applications

  • concentration on goals
  • uplifting
  • freeing


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from menstrual cramps and pains - massage
  • Temporary relief from nervousness and tension - massage, vapouriser
  • Insomnia - vapouriser, put one drop onto your pillow


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • If you have sensitive skin - do a patch test first.
  • Do not use before going out in the sun


Mandarin Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Origanum marjorana)
Part of plant used - leaves


Marjoram oil is a relaxant and calmer to restless people. It is not to be used by people suffering from low blood pressure. It is very powerful and should only be used at night before sleep or if you are not going to be working heavy machinery or driving.


Emotional Applications

  • sense of peace
  • reduces stress and anxiety and lets a soothing calm overtake you


Physical Applications

  • Temporary relief from insomnia - massage, vapouriser, bath
  • Temporary relief from stress - massage, bath
  • Muscular aches and pains, PMS - warm compress, massage, bath
  • Migraines - cold compress to back of neck


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use topically if you are pregnant
  • Do not use if you suffer from low blood pressure

Marjoram Essential Oil

Myrrh Essential Oil Fact Sheet
Botanical Name - (Commiphora myrrha)
Part of plant used - gum

Myrrh is invaluable in the treatment of infections and can be applied directly to the inflamed areas. This oil has been used for thousands of years to ancient Egypt where it was used to preserve the Pharaohs. It is not particularly appealing in aroma but it offers numerous medicinal remedies.


Emotional Applications
· to be empowered and inspired
· to be emotionally strengthened


Physical Applications
· Cough and cold congestion - steam inhalation
· Flatulence - massage on abdomen
· Haemorrhoids - topical application
· Dry cracked skin - massage
· Mature skin - massage
· Mouth ulcers - gargle
· Gum problems, gingivitis, sore throats - gargle
· Genital thrush - mix with tea tree and apply externally to the affected area


Cautions
· Do not take internally.
· Do not use topically if you are pregnant

Myrrh Essential Oil

Neroli Essential Oil Fact Sheet
Botanical Name - (Citrus aurantium)
Part of plant used - flowers

Neroli oil is extracted from the flowers of the bitter orange tree, the aroma is delicate and soft. Highly sort after, neroli is quite expensive to purchase and is often premixed in a carrier oil for use.


Emotional Applications
· to have more belief in yourself
· more confidence
· to feel euphoric and positive


Physical Applications
· Panic attacks - massage
· Anxiety, shock, depression, stress - massage
· Skin - dry, sensitive, scars, stretch marks - massage
· Insomnia, sleeplessness - vapouriser, bath, massage


Cautions
· Do not take internally.

Neroli Essential Oil

Orange Essential Oil Fact Sheet
Botanical Name - (Citrus aurantium, sinensis)
Part of plant used - fruit peel

Orange essential oil has a sweet, warm and sensual aroma. It creates an atmosphere of happiness while also conveying calm. Orange is a top note fragrance.


Emotional Applications
· to feel uplifted
· to enable better communication


Physical Applications
· Insomnia - vapouriser, dab on pillow
· Stress, mild anxiety and tension - bath, vapouriser, massage
· Headaches - massage


Cautions
· Do not take internally.
· Adults only
· Do not use when you are or will be exposed to sunlight.

Orange Essential Oil

Palmarosa Essential Oil Fact Sheet
Botanical Name - (Cymbopogon martinii)
Part of plant used - grass

Palmarosa has many healing properties and aromatically is similar to geranium oil.


Emotional Applications
· helps find emotional strength and stability
· to help care for yourself
· to love life


Physical Applications
· Rashes - massage in base cream
· Minor skin infections - massage in base cream
· Temporary relief of sinusitis and cough - steam inhalation
· Cystitis and vaginal itching - topical application
· Stress - vapouriser, inhalation


Cautions
· Do not take internally.
· Adults only
· If cystitis persists for more than 48 hours or if you discover blood in the urine seek medical attention immediately.

Palmarosa Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (pogostemom cablin)
Part of plant used - leaf


Patchouli essential oil has an intense and earthy aroma which encourages and awakens harmony and romance. It can help in times of stress to make you feel more tranquil and uplifted.


Emotional Applications

  • to feel uplifted
  • for harmony
  • for romance
  • to feel peaceful
  • for frigidity
  • for nervous exhaustion


Physical Applications

  • Oily skin - massage
  • Stress, mild anxiety and tension - bath, vapouriser, massage
  • Cracked skin, dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema - massage, topical in base cream
  • Sores and wounds - topical


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.

Patchouli Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (mentha piperita)
Part of plant used - leaf


Peppermint possesses a powerful menthol which can clear nasal passages, relieve jet lag and nausea. This oil is clearing and comforting. It is a top note and vapourises quickly.


Emotional Applications

  • to become alert and invigorated
  • to move obstacles in your life


Physical Applications

  • Muscular pain and aches - massage, bath
  • Travel sickness and nausea - inhalation
  • Indigestion, flatulence, colic - massage abdomen clockwise
  • Colds, sinus and flu - steam inhalation
  • Headaches or migraines - use with lavender, cold compress to back of neck
  • Fainting - inhalation
  • Sciatica - massage, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use in pregnancy
  • Keep away from eyes

Peppermint Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Citrus aurantium, amara)
Part of plant used - leaf and twigs


Petitgrain possesses a lovely floral tone with a bitter note and is contained in many classic perfumes. The scent is a top to middle note. This essential oil also comes from the bitter orange tree (as does neroli). Petitgrain comes from the leaves and stems, neroli is derived from the flowers.


Emotional Applications

  • to become resourceful
  • to be more positive
  • empowerment in self and ability to empower others
  • nurturing
  • for anger - dab on wrists
  • for panic - dab on wrists
  • depression - dab on wrists


Physical Applications

  • Muscular pain and aches - massage, bath
  • Indigestion, flatulence, colic - massage abdomen clockwise
  • Insomnia - dab on wrists, bath
  • Excessive perspiration - compress, diluted in base cream
  • Oily hair/skin - topically diluted in vegetable based cream


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.

Petitgrain Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Abies sibirica)
Part of plant used - leaf


Pine has antiseptic, clearing and exhilarating properties which have healed and physical symptoms and troubled minds for centuries. This essential oil is a middle note and its aroma is strong, and inspiring.


Emotional Applications

  • to become inspiring
  • to become creative
  • to increase your energy


Physical Applications

  • Relief from muscular aches and pains - massage, compress, bath
  • Liver - massage, bath
  • Stress, tension and mild anxiety - vapouriser, bath, massage
  • Chest infections and respiratory conditions - massage, compress
  • Arthritis and rheumatism - massage, compress, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • If your skin is sensitive, do a skin patch test first.
  • Adults only

Pine Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Rosa damascena)
Part of plant used - flowers


Rose aroma is intense and enriching. It is only produced in small amounts and is very precious. This oil can alter the emotional state and support the system medicinally. The luxurious aroma is a middle to base note.


Emotional Applications

  • to enrich your senses
  • to become more secure in self
  • to indulge in your femininity
  • to nurture yourself


Physical Applications

  • Relief from menstrual symptoms, and for irregular cycles - massage, compress
  • Liver - massage, bath
  • Stress, tension and mild anxiety - vapouriser, bath, massage
  • Dry skin, broken capillaries - massage, compress


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.


Rose Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Rosmarinus officinalis) Part of plant used - herb


Rosemary essential oil has a very strong and distinctive aroma which has been used by many people burning the midnight oil. It helps to keep alert and focussed on the task at hand. Rosemary is ideal for students studying for exams or finishing assignments, for shiftworkers or anybody else needing focus. It also keeps the memory functioning properly.


Emotional Applications

  • to become focussed on important things to you
  • to be awake to coincidences and possibilities
  • to increase your memory and perception


Physical Applications

  • Relief from muscular aches and pains - massage, compress, bath
  • Temporary relief form headaches - massage, bath, vapouriser
  • Stress, tension and mild anxiety - vapouriser, bath, massage
  • Chest infections and respiratory conditions - massage, compress
  • Rheumatism and gout - massage, compress, bath
  • Cold and sinus - inhalation
  • Asthma - massage (not inhalation)
  • Hair loss - scalp massage
  • Lethargy - massage, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use if you are pregnant, suffer from high blood pressure or epileptic.

Rosemary Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Aniba roseadora)
Part of plant used - wood


Rosewood has a warm, rich, rosy tone. It’s lively and spicy scent helps to bring resolution and clarity. It has a calming effect as can often be used during times of stress. It is anti-bacterial and stabilising. Rosewood is a middle tone.


Emotional Applications

  • to look after yourself
  • to add something positive to other people’s lives
  • to be more connected with your feelings.


Physical Applications

  • Relief from muscular aches and pains - massage, compress, bath
  • Temporary relief form headaches - massage, bath, vapouriser
  • Stress, tension and mild anxiety - vapouriser, bath, massage
  • Lethargy - massage, bath
  • Long distance travelling - direct application, massage
  • Jet lag - inhalation
  • Aftershave - blend in a carrier oil or lotion


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Adults only.


Rosewood Essential Oil


Botanical Name - (Salvia officinalis)
Part of plant used - wood


Sage has many emotional and physical benefits and has been used for many years as a culinary herb. It has antiseptic, astringent and anti-spasmodic properties which help in the treatment of sinus, colds, coughs, diarrhoea.


Emotional Applications

  • to generate breakthrough and creative thoughts
  • to cleanse your body and environment.


Physical Applications

  • Stress, tension and mild anxiety - vapouriser, bath, massage
  • Fluid retention - bath, massage
  • Liver tonic - massage, bath
  • Tinea - topical application
  • PMS - massage, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not use if you are epileptic, or suffer from convulsions.


Sage Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Santalum album)
Part of plant used - woo
d

Sandalwood has a soft, stirring scent which brings clarity and purpose. The aroma has great appeal with both men and women alike and is a base note, lasting for a long time. This oil relieves stress and can be used in a vapouriser, bath, massage formula or in a moisturising cream.


Emotional Applications

  • to be courage in changing times
  • to bring you purpose and strength
  • to bring happiness
  • to sooth nervous tension
  • to awaken sensuality


Physical Applications

  • Stress, tension and mild anxiety - vapouriser, bath, massage
  • Urinary tract infections - bath, massage - lower abdomen
  • Vaginal dryness - apply topically
  • Dry coughs - inhalation
  • Chronic bronchitis - inhalation
  • Dry skin and razor rash - inhalation
  • Aphrodisiac - bath, massage, vapourisation


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • If cystitis continues for more than 48 hours or if you have blood in your urine - see a doctor immediately.


Sandalwood Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Citrus reticulata)
Part of plant used - fruit rind


Tangerine is often a favourite with children and is soothing for them. Can be used in a variety of ways.


Physical Applications

  • Skin toner - massage
  • Stretch marks - massage
  • Hiccups - massage
  • hypoactivity - bath, vapouriser
  • Insomnia - bath, vapouriser, massage
  • Digestion - massage in a clockwise way


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Do not go into sunlight after use with this oil


Tangerine Essential Oil

Botanical Name - (Melaleuca alternifolia)
Part of plant used - leaves


Tea tree oil has been touted as one of the most effective substances against infections - bacterial, viral and fungal. This tree is grown in the northern New South Wales region of Australia and is glorified world wide for its healing properties. This oil will heal without scarring and is a top note.


Emotional Applications

  • to be more energetic
  • to purify


Physical Applications

  • Acne - neat
  • Cuts, pierced ears, nail infections, tinea, ringworm, wounds, insect bites - neat
  • Boils, pimples, mouth ulcers, cold sores - neat also use as a gargle for inner mouth problems - do not swallow.
  • Colds and flu - apply to handkerchief and inhale, steam inhalation
  • Warts - neat
  • Thrush - douche, bath


Cautions

  • Do not take internally.
  • Can cause skin irritations in certain people - do a patch test.


TeaTree Oil Essential Oil

The essential oils of plants and flowers have been used across many cultures for thousands of years to improve both physical and emotional wellbeing. Interest in Aromatherapy has recently been re-ignited as it has become obvious that the natural plant extracts called essential oils have the power to influence your moods and feelings, healing the body, mind and spirit.


What are essential oils…
Essential oils are natural plant extracts which give the plant its vitality and health. These oils contain the ingredients that nourish, energise, defend and regenerate the plant. When the pure oils are extracted from parts of the plants (leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds or roots), they still possess these active ingredients.


The essential oils are also aromatic in nature and this is in part responsible for the healing. The body and mind are healed safely and naturally and actually take part in the healing process with no side effects.


Pure oils are extracted from particular varieties of plants which are grown especially for this purpose. Not all plants and species contain essential oils and some plants contain more than one. If this is the case, the oils from that one plant will contain common properties as well as some individual properties.


Each plant has unique characteristics and its own molecular make up giving the different fragrances of each essential oil. The plants used in Aromatherapy have been cultivated over many years and contain billions of active cells, some producing oil. The plants are carefully harvested and the oil is extracted and nothing else is added to it.


Essential oils are different to fragrant oils, the latter has synthetic substances added to it and is only for pleasant smells. Essential oils are potent and powerful, having many therapeutic properties. They are antiseptic, antiviral, anti-inflamatory, sedative and stimulating. They should also not be taken internally.


Extraction…
Steam Distillation…

The majority of essential oils are extracted from the plants by steam distillation which is a highly scientific and precise process. The plant material is put into vats and steamed creating a water and essential oil mix of vapour. As the steam is cooled down the water separates from the essential oil. This gives floral water and pure essential oil. Not all oil will be used for distribution and some will be of differing qualities.


Cold Pressing…
Some other essential oils are extracted through cold pressing. This will get the oil out of rinds of fruits. Pressure is applied to the rind which causes the essential oil to seep out.


How does it work…
Aromatherapy works in two ways: physically as the essential oils enter the body in tiny quantities by going through the various layers of the skin to the bloodstream where they can work to heal. And emotionally via your sense of smell.
The fragrance of the oil effects the section of the brain which controls your feelings and emotions. These two actions combined, provide a potent healing effect on the human body and mind.


Buy only pure oils
There are oils on the market that have not been extracted correctly and are best avoided as their healing properties are questionable. They may also have undergone additional processing or have additives in them. The oil must have ‘AustL’ or ‘AustR’ on the label. This indicates that it meets with Australian standards.


It must also be 100% pure essential oil and be packed in a dark glass bottle. Some oils will be more expensive that others but be weary if they are too cheap - the quality may be compromised.


When to use Aromatherapy…
You will get the most out of Aromatherapy when it becomes part of your life. There are many ways to use your essential oils - as treatments, in your beauty regime, when under stress, insomnia, to help studying teenagers, to uplift and seduce. Aromatherapy is a way of taking charge of your vitality and wellbeing.


Choosing Your Aromatherapy Essential Oils…
You can choose your oils looking at their different qualities, and traditional uses. Then when you have chosen a good sample of oils start sampling their aroma to see if you feel comfortable with those particular ones. Your feelings about the aroma affect the benefit you will receive from the oil. So choose instinctively out of the selected range.  If you try all the oils at once you may become overwhelmed and confused. You will respond to a select few more easily.


Aromatherapy oils are divided into 3 types for ease of use. These are…
Top notes - which are more volatile and evaporate quickly. They are uplifting , light, refreshing, clearing and emotionally stimulating. The top notes are Basil, lemongrass, bergamot, mandarin, clary sage, orange (sweet), eucalyptus, palmarosa, fennel, peppermint, ginger, petitgrain, grapefruit, rosewood, lemon, tea tree oil.


Middle notes - are a medium evaporation. These oils are emotionally balanced, fragrant and harmonising. They include black pepper, marjoram, camomile (German), myrtle, clove bud, neroli, cypress pine, geranium, rose, juniper, rosemary, lavender, ylang ylang.


The base notes - are the least volatile. They are heavy, sedating, calming and grounding. They include cedarwood, frankincense, patchouli, sandalwood and vetiver.


Things you should know about essential oils…
· Essential oils should not be taken internally
· They are best stored away from light and heat
· They can be combined and still keep their individual properties
· They are best used in carrier oils such as avocado, jojoba or apricot kernal oil, or creams which are not made from animal or mineral sources.
· Do not use the oils directly on the skin unless that type of treatment has been recommended by a therapist
· Be careful using the oils while pregnant
· Do not use on babies less than 2 weeks old and then only one drop of lavender for children 2 weeks to 4 months old. At 4 months of age to 12 years use a quarter of adult dosages.
· Use with care on the elderly - use very little essential oil and seek advice from a qualified Aromatherapist
· Do not use animal products or mineral products (sorbolene)
· Do not use near eyes
· Do not use more than recommended doses
· Always use your conventional medicine if prescribed. Aromatherapy is not a replacement for your recommended treatment.


Aromatherapy Applications
Massage -

Massage is a very relaxing and effective way to enjoy the benefits of aromatherapy. You will be benefiting both emotionally through your sense of smell and physically as the oil penetrates your skin.
Your skin is your largest organ and is subject to abuse from pollution, toxins and the like. With aromatherapy massage, the oil is absorbed into the body within 30 minutes to 2 hours and any excess is excreted out via the urine, sweat glands or exhaled through the air.


To make your own blend for a massage use 5ml of essential oil to every 10ml of carrier oil. If you use cream as the carrier use the following ratio - 8g to 1 drop of essential oil.
Some good hints for massage blends -
For a body massage use almond or apricot oils as the carrier.
For a facial massage, you can use carrier oils such as jojoba, apricot, peach or olive.


Therapeutic Bath
Add 5 drops of your chosen essential oil to your bath just before you turn the taps off. This type of therapy is ideal for sore muscles or a tired psyche. It is perfect for relaxing baby just before sleep (see comments above about age of children). You can even add some bubble bath. You do not need the carrier oil in this instance.


Vapourisation
This is a very popular method of using essential oils as it adds a lovely aroma to your office or home. This is excellent for relaxing, aiding sleep, stimulating your mind before study or to create a sensual night to remember.
To use, fill the vaporiser with water and put about 6 drops of essential oil into the water. Light your candle underneath the burner and the heat will enable the aroma to carry into the air.


Always place the burner on a plate to avoid staining any surfaces and never use near open windows or draughty areas. Also do not use these types of vaporisers while sleeping in case an accident occurs and they catch fire. There are electric vaporisers available these days which are highly effective and inexpensive to run.


Footbath
This is a wonderful way to relax tired feet. Just fill a large bowl or bucket with warm water, put your favourite essential oils into the water (up to 5 - 6 drops) and place your feet in it for as long as you wish. Some nice suggestions are to choose ylang ylang and patchouli.


Inhalation
This is an ideal way to gain relief from respiratory problems such as colds, flu, sinus etc. Add 5 - 6 drops of essential oil into a large bowl of hot water. Cover your head with a towel, lean over the bowl and breathe in. Ensure your eyes are shut. Good oils to choose for colds and flu are - cedarwood, ginger, lemon, myrtle, palmarosa and peppermint. If your nose is blocked try - peppermint, rosemary and lemon.


Compress
Another method which treats common problems effectively is to use a compress. Compresses are good if you suffer from arthritis, rheumatism, sore joints, period pain, headaches or any other muscular type pain.
Fill a bowl with warm water to which you add 6 drops of essential oil. Dip a hand towel into the water and wring out, place over the affected area. As the compress gets cold, repeat the process. Another more effective option is to add a plastic wrap around the warm compress. This makes the oil more potent and keeps the heat in longer.
For arthritis try a few of the following - basil, black pepper, chamomile, clove, eucalyptus, fennel, ginger, juniper, lavender, lemon, marjoram, peppermint, pine, rosemary.


Gargle/mouthwash
You can swish one drop of essential oil in half a glass of water around in your mouth as a gargle - particularly for sore throats. Use 1 drop of either lemon, sandalwood or tea tree oil.


Blending and looking after your oils…
Remember these few points before you start on your way:-
· If you need to be healed for a particular reason, choose the oils based on their therapeutic effects rather than their aroma. (Except with headache sufferers, they will need to like the aroma or it may make them worse). If you need an emotional healing, choose the oils based on their aroma.
· When blending oils and the quantity you need is 5 drops, only use 5 drops in total - not 5 drops of each oil in the blend.
· Do not blend essential oils with opposite properties.
· Use only 3 or 4 essential oils in each blend

Understanding Aromatherapy

Vetiver Essential Oil Fact Sheet
Botanical Name - (Vetiveria zizanoides)
Part of plant used - root

Vetiver is a strong and earthy smelling oil. It can settle our emotions in stressful times. It is often used with a citrus oil to become more appealing to the senses.


Emotional Applications
· to nourish skin
· seek abundance
· to keep looking young and vital
· to relieve depression, irritability or hysteria


Physical Applications
· Arthritis and rheumatic pain - massage, bath, compress
· Digestion - massage
· Stress and tension - vapouriser, massage, inhalation


Cautions
· Do not take internally.

Vetiver Essential Oil

Ylang Ylang Essential Oil Fact Sheet
Botanical Name - (Cananga odorata)
Part of plant used - flower

Ylang Ylang essential oil is reputed to be one of the best aphrodesiacs available. The alluring and exotic fragrance arouses the senses and uplifts the spirits. It soothes fears and anxieties. This oil is a middle to base note.


Emotional Applications
· arouses senses
· to draw out your natural sensuality and passion
· to uplift


Physical Applications
· Muscular cramps and spasms - massage
· High blood pressure - massage
· Oily skin - massage in base cream
· Tension and stress - massage, bath, vapouriser
· Flatulence, diarrhoea and intestinal infections - massage on the abdomen in clockwise direction
· Hair (encourages hair growth) - put a few drops in your normal shampoo


Cautions
· Do not take internally.

Ylang Ylang Essential Oil