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Mapp & Hession Pharmacy Murwillumbah King Street Chemist Greg Mapp & Paul Hession

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We are passionate about providing you with all round health solutions.


Please use this resource page as your gateway to better health.  Talk to our pharmacists about ways we can collaborate to support your needs.

Your Health Fact Sheet

Herbs E - P

Description...

Echinacea originated in North America where the native Americans used it poultices, mouthwashes, and teas. Now popular worldwide, with herbalists prescribing the herb whenever anyone has infection or pus in or on their body. It is a blood purifier and contains a large range of fatty acids, iron, copper, cobalt.


The herb is a immune system stimulant, it heals tissue, is an anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, is a natural antibiotic and is even touted to be helpful with cancer patients.


Echinacea encourages production of the immune system's white blood cells in the fight against foreign micro-organisms; it may increase the production of T cells, which together with white blood cells fight against infections.
Echinacea can also be effective as a topical medicine for eczema and other skin problems.


How It May Benefit You...

  • colds, influenza, and other respiratory illnesses
  • mononucleosis
  • ear infections
  • septicemia (blood poisoning)
  • bladder infections.


Apply externally for:

  • boils
  • cuts
  • burns
  • abscesses
  • wounds
  • stings
  • hives
  • insect bites
  • eczema
  • herpes.


Caution...

Do not use Echinacea as a tea.
Do not give Echinacea to children younger than two years old and start with small doses for older children and older adults.
Check with your doctor before using Echinacea if you are pregnant or nursing.


Availability...

Available in capsules and tinctures.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Echinacea

Description...

The elder has diuretic and anti-mucus actions. It contains B-complex vitamins, calcium, carbohydrates, fat, potassium, protein, rutin, tannic acid, tyrosin, vitamins A and C.


The potent parts of the plant are the berries, flowers, inner bark, leaves and roots. This herb cleanses the system and encourages immune functioning, is anti-inflammatory, stimulates circulation and can raise body temperature.


How It May Benefit You...

  • sweating stimulates the immune system
  • laxative effects
  • diuretic
  • eases constipation
  • fights inflammations
  • lowers fever
  • aids colds and flu
  • is an antioxidant
  • dry cough


Caution...

Do not consume the stems as they can be very toxic to the system.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Elder

Description..

This Australian native plant is highly regarded the world over for its antiseptic qualities. The eucalyptus tree is also called the gum tree.


The oil from eucalyptus leaves is the vital ingredient in many over-the-counter mouthwashes and decongestants. The oil can be used in many ways including household antiseptics, essential oils, inhalants, balms and lotions.


How It May Benefit You...

  • arthritis
  • rheumatism
  • minor cuts
  • scrapes.


Put one or two drops in a basin of hot water and inhale for -

  • asthma
  • influenza
  • bronchitis
  • whooping cough
  • colds, and other respiratory illnesses.


NOTE: Always close eyes when inhaling the vapours as they are very strong.


Caution...

Do not consume eucalyptus. Always close you eyes when using the essential oil as a vapour.


Availability...

For use as an antiseptic: Dilute the oil with an equal amount of an alcohol-based topical antiseptic, and apply to cuts and open wounds after you have washed them with soap.
For a rub: Mix 1 to 5 drops eucalyptus oil with 1 cup olive or other carrier oil.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Eucalyptus

Description...

Evening primrose oil has been ranked as one of the most important supplements of the century. It is recommend for a large range of ailments including arthritis and premenstrual syndrome. However it is helpful for nearly every organ in the body.
It comes from the seeds of the yellow primrose and it contains an essential fatty acid known as Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA). This fatty acid is responsible for most of the supplement’s benefits. GLA is made by the body into a substance called prostaglandins. These are hormone type compounds and are used by our body regularly and must be replaced regularly. GLA is affected by our western lifestyle and diet.


When our body's supply of essential fatty acids such as GLA is deficient, the effects of premenstrual syndrome, diabetes, and other disorders may become more evident.


Evening primrose oil may also be useful in treating sore breasts in nursing mothers, through its anti-inflammatory action. It may also have an anti-clotting action.


How It May Benefit You...

  • premenstrual syndrome
  • arthritis
  • dry eyes
  • hyperactivity in children
  • high blood pressure
  • allergies
  • eczema
  • brittle hair and fingernails. (Use internally.)


Caution...

Too much evening primrose oil may cause headaches, skin rashes, and nausea; either lower your dosage or discontinue use.
Evening primrose supplements must be taken regularly for at least a month before their beneficial effects can be noticed.
Consult your Health Professional before using evening primrose oil medicinally for children.


Availability...

Available in capsules and in liquid form. Use as directed.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Evening Primrose Oil

Description...

This herb has been used for centuries as a treatment for eye related problems such as irritations and infections. It can also be applied when the eyes are itching from hayfever, allergies or colds. The plant even looks as if it has bloodshot eyes as it has red spots on its white or purple flowers. It is also recommend to alleviate the symptoms of conjunctivitis, and to maintain good vision.


Eyebright teas are also used to diminish nasal congestion and coughs.


How It May Benefit You...

Use as an eyewash

  • eye irritations including redness, itching, and tearing from hay fever, other allergies, or colds
  • conjunctivitis.


Take internally for:

  • nasal congestion and coughs from colds, sinusitis, or allergies.


Caution...

Eyebright may cause a skin rash or nausea. If this occurs, lessen your dose or stop taking completely.


Availability...

Over the counter… Available as a tea, capsules, and tinctures.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Eyebright

Description...

It is the tiny seeds of fennel that are the most potent and medicinal. These have been used for thousands of years to treat colic and to increase lactation in nursing mothers.


Fennel has many uses and the root is also eaten as a vegetable. The powdered form of the plant may also be used as a flea powder. This herb may help digestion, rid the body of gas and bloating and can be used externally for the eyes, as well as having many other uses.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • digestive problems, gas, diarrhoea.
  • insufficient milk in nursing mothers.
  • appetite suppressant
  • aids the proper functioning of the kidneys, liver and spleen
  • respiratory infections
  • reputed to be beneficial for chemotherapy patients.


Apply externally for:

  • muscle pain and rheumatism.
  • conjunctivitis.


Caution...

Fennel oil, used for inflamed joints, may cause a rash. Stop using the herb if this occurs.
Do not consume the oil; it can cause nausea, vomiting, and seizures. Call your doctor immediately.
Do not use fennel if you are pregnant or if you can't use birth-control pills.
Do not take fennel if you have a history of alcoholism, hepatitis, liver disease, abnormal blood clotting.


Availability...

Over the counter:.. Available in dry form, oil, and tinctures.

Fennel

Description...

This plant is a member of a legume family and has been used for centuries for digestive problems, skin injuries, sore throats, fever, muscle aches, and impotence.


Fenugreek is a legume not a grain, so as with other legumes, it contains a high vegetable and protein content. It is high in vitamin B and phosphorus compounds which make it beneficial for nervous complaints.


Some recent studies suggest that fenugreek also has a mild anti-inflammatory effect as well as beneficial for the liver.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • digestive disorders.
  • sore throats and coughs.
  • lactation problems of nursing mothers.
  • high cholesterol or blood sugar.
  • boils
  • rashes
  • skin wounds
  • arthritis
  • sore throats and coughs - taken internally.


Apply externally for:

  • skin injuries, such as boils, rashes, cuts, or other wounds.
  • pain caused by arthritis.


Caution...

Fenugreek causes uterine contractions. Do not use it if you are pregnant. Do not give to children under age two; for older children and adults, start treatment with low-strength doses.


Availability...

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Fenugreek

Description...

Feverfew, a member of the sunflower family has been popular for centuries as a tonic to prevent headaches, migraines and to treat arthritis. It is the leaves and the flowers which are the medicinal parts of the plant.


How It May Benefit You...

  • use to prevent migraine headaches.
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • stimulates appetite
  • menstrual problems


Caution...

Chewing fresh or dried feverfew may cause internal mouth sores or abdominal pain.
Do not use feverfew if you are pregnant.

Feverfew may interfere with blood clotting ability - speak with your doctor before taking this herb. It may be 2-3 months before it takes effect.


Availability...

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Feverfew

Description...

Garlic has been used medicinally for over 5000 years and is still recognised as one of the invaluable natural remedies in both Chinese and Western cultures.


It can be eaten raw or cooked, to release its therapeutic effects but does cause a pungent and offensive odour from the breath.
It is allicin, an amino acid derivative that is responsible for the herb's pungent smell. Allicin is also responsible for the herb’s potency and therapeutic powers.


Garlic has many beneficial effects - it is anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral and anti-inflammatory. It purifies the blood and eliminates excess mucus and toxins. In traditional Chinese medicine, garlic is characterised as acrid, bitter, and warm.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • digestive disorders
  • diarrhoea
  • food poisoning from shellfish
  • conditions that require an enema
  • colds
  • coughs
  • rheumatoid arthritis.
  • good for bacterial, fungal and viral diseases
  • prevents arteriosclerosis or hardened arteries
  • helps blood pressure
  • skin problems - acne, pimples, boils, abscesses etc.
  • bladder infection
  • liver and gall bladder problems


Apply externally for:

  • hookworm, roundworm, ringworm of the scalp
  • carbuncles
  • swelling
  • pinworm
  • athlete's foot.


Caution

People allergic to garlic may develop a rash from touching or eating the herb.
Consult your Doctor before using garlic if you are pregnant.
Garlic has a blood clot-preventing agent. Talk to your Doctor before taking garlic if you have a blood-clotting disorder.


Availability...

Garlic is available as cloves and in tablet form.
External treatment: Garlic is combined with sesame oil and applied externally to treat ringworm of the scalp, pinworm, carbuncles, swelling, athlete's foot, arthritis, and rheumatism.
Combinations: A mix of garlic and sugar water is sometimes prescribed for digestive disorders, diarrhoea, colds, coughs, food poisoning from shellfish, and conditions that require an enema.
Also a mix of Garlic and Echinacea is often recommended for colds and flu.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures

Garlic

Description...

This is a popular bitter type of tonic used for the treatment of digestion problems as well as an appetite stimulant. Because of its bitter properties, it stimulates the secretion of stomach acid and produces saliva. Because of this, you may be recommend taking this herb before or with large meals.


Its most common form is in liqueurs, vermouths, and a variety of other bitter-tasting cocktails.


How It May Benefit You...

  • digestive disorders
  • loss of appetite
  • arthritis
  • exhaustion
  • helps the liver
  • weakness
  • irregular menstrual cycle. (Take internally.)


Caution...

Upset stomach, nausea, or vomiting may develop from taking gentian. Use only under the direction of a Health Professional if you are pregnant or have high blood pressure (hypertension), or serious gastrointestinal conditions.
Do not give gentian to children under 2 years of age.


Availability...

Gentian is available as dried roots, various drinks and in tincture.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures

Gentian

Description...

As well as being a very tasty addition to your cooking, ginger has been used for years as a medicinal remedy for many complaints. It is a digestion treatment, appetite stimulant, improves circulation and regulates hormones among many other important functions. Its active ingredients are Gingerols, which soothe the abdomen and relieve excess gas.
It is described in traditional Chinese medicine as acrid and warm

.

How It May Benefit You...

  • vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • menstrual irregularity
  • coughs
  • hangovers
  • motion sickness
  • morning sickness
  • digestive disorders
  • menstrual cramps
  • colds, flu
  • arthritis
  • elevated cholesterol level
  • high blood pressure. (Take internally.)
  • first- and second-degree burns. (Apply externally.)


Caution...

Heartburn may result from taking ginger. But there usually is no other noteworthy side effects.


Availability...

Ginger is available as fresh or dried root, liquid extract, tablets, capsules, or tea.

 Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Ginger

Description...

This is reported to be the only survivor of the oldest tree species. Ginkgo is invaluable in aiding the circulation, improving oxygen use and reducing free radical damage.


It is beneficial for the brain, memory, nervous system and blood vessels. The elderly particularly benefit from this herb. One of ginkgo's most important features is its ability to expand the blood vessels, and thereby improve blood flow in capillaries and arteries, especially in the lower legs and feet.


Herbalists believe that ginkgo may help diabetics, it may also help people who suffer from asthma attacks.


How It May Benefit You...

  • vertigo
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • tinnitus (ringing in the ears)
  • phlebitis (inflammation of a vein)
  • leg ulcers
  • cerebral atherosclerosis
  • diabetic vascular disease
  • Raynaud's syndrome
  • headaches
  • depression
  • lack of concentration or mental and emotional fatigue in the elderly
  • asthma
  • clotting disorders
  • strokes and heart attacks.


Caution...

Ginkgo can cause irritability, restlessness, diarrhoea, nausea, and vomiting - see your Health Professional. Some people are unable to tolerate ginkgo even in small doses.


Do not use if you have a clotting disorder, or if you are pregnant or nursing. Do not give ginkgo to children without a doctor's supervision.


Availability...

Ginkgo leaves are available in dry bulk, capsules, or tincture.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Ginkgo Biloba

Description...

If the Asian ginseng is too potent for you, then American ginseng may suit you better as it is milder.
It is believed that American ginseng may lessen the pain of childbirth and give more energy to the elderly. The active ingredients of American ginseng are thought to calm the stomach and the brain and act as a mild stimulant to vital organs.
Both American and Asian ginseng are recommended as beneficial treatments for the elderly.


How It May Benefit You...

  • depression
  • fatigue
  • stress
  • colds
  • influenza
  • respiratory problems
  • inflammations
  • improved immune functioning


Caution...

Headaches, insomnia, anxiety, breast soreness, or skin rashes may develop.
If you experience asthma attacks, increased blood pressure, heart palpitations, or postmenopausal uterine bleeding stop taking ginseng and call your doctor.


Availability...

Ginseng is available as fresh or dried root, root powder, capsules, tablets, prepared tea, freeze-dried root.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Ginseng

Description...

The best known of the species is found in Siberia, Korea and China. Ginseng has a valuable and extensive history in Chinese medicine and has gained popularity in the West for its medicinal properties.


The active ingredients in Ginseng stimulate the immune system, improve energy, lower blood sugar, enhance liver functioning, and prevents fatigue and tiredness.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • depression, fatigue, stress.
  • colds, influenza, respiratory problems
  • inflammations
  • damaged immune systems.
  • prevents tiredness
  • prevents many ailments that come with old age
  • aphrodisiac
  • regulating menstruation
  • anaemia
  • diabetes
  • atherosclerosis
  • digestion


Caution...

Can cause headaches, insomnia, anxiety, breast soreness, skin rashes, Asthma attacks, increased blood pressure, heart palpitations, post-menopausal uterine bleeding. Consult your Health Professional first.


Availability...

Ginseng is available as fresh or dried root, root powder, capsules, tablets, prepared tea, freeze-dried root.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Ginseng Siberian

Description...

This is a great herb to treat a variety of ailments. It was originally discovered and used by the American Indians as a medicine. It has anti-inflammatory, antibiotic and anti-cancer properties.


It assists the body cope with many disease causing organisms. It actually prevents bacteria entering your body’s cells and helps stimulate your immune system. Also good for respiratory and skin infections.


Goldenseal also aids digestion by promoting the production of saliva, bile, and other digestive enzymes.


How It May Benefit You...

  • infectious diarrhoea
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • colitis
  • ulcers
  • gastritis
  • gallstones
  • jaundice
  • sinusitis
  • laryngitis, sore throat
  • infected gums
  • ear infections,
  • vaginal yeast infections.

Use externally for -

  • eczema
  • ringworm
  • contact dermatitis
  • athlete's foot
  • impetigo


Caution...

In high doses, goldenseal can irritate the skin, mouth, throat, and vagina. It may also cause nausea and diarrhoea. If any of these develop, stop taking straight away.
Do not use if you are pregnant.
Do not use goldenseal if you have had heart disease, diabetes, glaucoma, a stroke, or high blood pressure.
Do not give to children under two.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Goldenseal

Description...

The Gotu Kola plant is native to East Asia but can grow in marshy areas in many parts of the world. It has been used to treat burns and skin grafts.


Gotu Kola may also help psoriasis. This herb has forged a reputation as an anti-aging herb. It also has sedative and calming properties.


There is some evidence that Gotu Kola may promote blood circulation in the legs by strengthening the veins and capillaries.


How It May Benefit You...

  • poor circulation in the legs
  • Burns, cuts, and other skin injuries
  • mental fatigue
  • improve memory
  • insomnia
  • blood purifier
  • fever
  • ulcers
  • sexual problems
  • psoriasis. (Use an external compress.)


Caution...

Gotu Kola may cause a skin rash or headaches.
Do not use Gotu Kola if you are pregnant, nursing, or using tranquillisers or sedatives.
Do not give Gotu Kola to children under two.


Availability...

Available in capsules, and tincture.
Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Gotu Kola

Description...

Herbalists prescribe this herb as a mild heart tonic. It is reported to dilate the blood vessels, allowing the flow of blood through the arteries and lowering blood pressure.


Hawthorn is also believed to improve the strength of the heart muscle contraction and to eliminate arrhythmia. Some practitioners think hawthorn may have a calming effect on the nervous system, and it often used as a remedy for insomnia.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally in conjunction with conventional medical treatment for:

  • high blood pressure,
  • clogged arteries,
  • heart palpitations,
  • angina,
  • inflammation of the heart muscle.


Take internally for insomnia and nervous conditions.
Use as a gargle for sore throat.


Caution...

Taking large amounts of hawthorn may result in a dramatic drop in blood pressure, which in turn may cause you to feel faint.
Use hawthorn as a heart tonic only if you have been diagnosed with angina, cardiac arrhythmia, or heart failure. Do not practice self-diagnosis. Always take this under the supervision of your Doctor.
Take care using this herb if you are pregnant.


Availability...

Hawthorn is available as liquid form, dried berries and leaves, capsules.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Hawthorn

Description...

There are more than 200 species of the Hibiscus. Most of them are believed to have some medicinal properties. Different species are used in Ayurvedic, Chinese, and Western herbal medicines. Hibiscus sabdariffa is prized for its mild laxative properties and for its ability to promote urination.


How It May Benefit You...

  • constipation
  • mild bladder infections
  • mild nausea.

Apply the herb or extract externally for sunburn.


Caution...

Some species may not be recommended for pregnant women. Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.


Availability...

Fresh or dried hibiscus flowers and teas are available.


Hibiscus

Description...

Hops has used to brew beer for centuries and has also had a long history of healing ailments. It is renowned for its calming effects and sedative actions.


Due to its bitter taste, hops is also prescribed as a digestive aid.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • insomnia
  • anxiety
  • tension
  • headache
  • indigestion
  • cardiovascular disorders
  • hyperactivity
  • sexually transmitted diseases
  • toothaches and ulcers
  • depressed appetite.


Apply externally for neuralgia, tension headache.


Caution...

Severe stomach problems, a skin rash, or irritation to the eyes may occur. Stop taking and call your doctor.
Hops can cause sleepiness or worsen severe depression. Seek professional help and do not self diagnose.
Pregnant women and women with estrogen-dependent breast cancer should avoid hops.


Availability...

Available in commercial herbal remedies, as dried or fresh herbs, and in capsules, powder, and tincture.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Hops

Description...

This is a very popular herb for ridding the body of excess mucus. Therefore it is beneficial for all mucus type problems.
The herb also has a diuretic effect and can be beneficial for bladder infections and premenstrual problems.


How It May Benefit You...

  • colds and flu
  • respiratory afflictions
  • hayfever
  • sinusitis
  • bronchitis
  • congestion of the lungs
  • rheumatic conditions


Caution...

Can blister the skin if used topically. Do not take if you have a low thyroid function.


Availability...

Available in capsules.


 Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.


Horseradish

Description...

Horsetail is renowned for stopping the flow of blood, binding tissues, and increasing urine production. This is one of the richest sources of silica, it also possess other important minerals. Herbalists prescribe horsetail for urinary problems, wounds, benign prostate disorders, and the pain of rheumatism or arthritis.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • bladder infections
  • cystitis
  • prostatitis
  • incontinence
  • kidney stones
  • stomach ulcers
  • broken bones or sprained tendons
  • strengthening nails, skin, and hair
  • pain of rheumatism or arthritis


Apply externally for sores, wounds and inflammations.


Caution...

Do not self diagnose.
Can cause an upset stomach, diarrhoea and increased urination.
If you take more than the recommended dosage you can experience pain in the kidneys or lower back, or upon urination, with nausea or vomiting.


Cardiac problems, including heart palpitations, may occur in cases of extreme overuse. Call your doctor immediately.
People with cardiac disease or high blood pressure should use horsetail with caution and under strict Professional supervision.


Pregnant women should avoid horsetail.


Availability...

Available as dried or fresh herb, capsules, and tincture.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Horsetail

Description...

Juniper was one of the ingredients in gin and gave it the distinctive flavour. Juniper acts as a diuretic and increases the rate at which the kidneys filter body fluids.


Because of this diuretic action, juniper is used to treat high blood pressure, fluid retention and premenstrual syndrome. Juniper oil is thought to have anti-inflammatory effects, and is useful for arthritis and gout sufferers.


How It May Benefit You...

  • bladder infections
  • cystitis
  • edema (water retention)
  • digestive problems.
  • menstrual irregularities and premenstrual syndrome.
  • high blood pressure.
  • Apply externally for:
  • arthritis.
  • gout.


Caution...

Individuals with hay fever should only take juniper under the supervision of a Health Professional.
Juniper in high doses can irritate and damage the kidneys and urinary tract.
If you develop diarrhoea, intestinal pain, kidney pain, blood in the urine,
or a faster heartbeat, stop taking juniper immediately and see your doctor as soon as possible.
Do not use juniper if you have a kidney infection, kidney stones or a history of kidney problems.
If you are pregnant - do not use this herb.


Availability...

Available in whole berries, bulk, capsules, and tinctures

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Juniper

Description...

Kava is used to make a popular drink used in the Pacific Island region. In the west, kava is frequently prescribed as an antidepressant, for treating anxiety and tension.


It has a diuretic effect and because of this, it is also used to treat gout and rheumatism. Kava is reported to act as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent in the urinary tract, making it helpful for urinary tract infections such as cystitis.
Western herbalists recommend Kava for its sedative properties, which do not seem to interfere with the person’s mental alertness. Kava is not reputed to be addictive.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • urinary disorders,
  • prostate inflammations.
  • gout,
  • rheumatism.
  • insomnia,
  • depression,
  • anxiety,
  • muscle spasms.


Caution...

Can cause a type of dermatitis that will clear up when you stop taking kava.
Too much Kava can cause intoxication or drowsiness. If this happens, lower your dosage or stop taking Kava.
Long-term, constant, large-dose use of Kava has been associated with damage to the liver, skin, eyes, and even the spinal cord.


Availability...

Available in dry bulk, capsules, and tinctures.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Kava

Description...

Kelp contains many nutrients that are beneficial to our whole system. It is a type of seaweed, rich in iodine which is vital for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland.


Kelp is particularly good for the hair, skin and nails.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • goiter
  • hypothyroidism - always check with your doctor before taking kelp for this.
  • radiation exposure
  • heavy-metal environmental pollutants.
  • hair, skin and nails
  • to cleanse the blood
  • diuretic
  • fatigue


Caution...

If you are already taking medication for hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), kelp supplements could worsen the condition.
Check with your Doctor before using kelp if you have a history of thyroid problems or high blood pressure.


Availability...

Available in dry bulk, capsules, and tinctures.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Kelp

Description...

The seeds of the Kola tree supply the flavouring of the world's most popular soft drink. Kola is a stimulant that is often prescribed for overall mental fatigue or depression.


It is also used to treat diarrhoea caused by nervousness; headaches; motion sickness; and loss of appetite.
The herb may also open the bronchial passages, helping asthmatics to breathe more easily. The potent ingredient in Kola is caffeine, the same substance which is in coffee.


How It May Benefit You...

  • depression
  • migraine headaches
  • poor appetite
  • diarrhoea caused by nervousness
  • motion sickness
  • fluid retention
  • respiratory problems such as asthma. (Take internally.)

Caution...

If you are sensitive to caffeine, Kola may be too strong a stimulant for you. If you feel nervous or have trouble sleeping, decrease your dose or stop taking Kola.


Individuals with diabetes, insomnia, anxiety disorders, digestive disorders, chronic high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, or a history of strokes should not use Kola.


If you are pregnant you should check with your Doctor before using Kola, since it contains caffeine.


Availability...

Available in dry bulk, capsules, and tinctures

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Kola

Description

This is a very popular herb with Aromatherapists as it possesses a pretty fragrance. As well as having a nice scent, the herb also possesses medicinal properties and can also be used near clothes to keep the moths away.


Herbalists prescribe lavender tea and the essential oil of lavender, both made from the plant's blue-violet flowers, to treat common minor ailments such as insomnia, headaches, nausea, and flatulence.


Lavender has a calming and soothing effect that relieves anxiety and promotes relaxation. Its fragrance is thought to stimulate mental processes and help alleviate depression. Lavender oil is an antiseptic as well and consequently it is used for skin problems such as fungus, burns, wounds, eczema, and acne.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • insomnia
  • depression
  • headache, especially when caused by stress.
  • poor digestion
  • nausea
  • flatulence
  • colic.


Apply externally for:

  • burns
  • wounds
  • eczema
  • acne
  • fungal infections such as candidiasis or ringworm.
  • rheumatism.


Caution

Do not use oil of lavender internally.


Availability

Available in dried bulk, capsules, oils, and tinctures.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Lavender

Description...

Lemongrass is not only a great tasting addition to your cooking, it has been used for many years by the South Americans. These people made teas from blades of lemongrass and used this as a remedy for fevers, gastrointestinal and nervous disorders. Natives of the Amazon also hold that lemongrass is an effective contraceptive. (Although it is not advisable that this be put to the test).


It is said that the oil of lemongrass is beneficial for circulatory problems and may enhance your muscle tone.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • diarrhoea and stomach ache
  • headache
  • fever
  • influenza.
  • kidneys


Apply externally for:

  • athlete's foot
  • acne
  • circulatory problems.


Availability...

Available in dried bulk and tea bags

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.


Lemongrass

Description...

This herb has been used since ancient times to treat a variety of common ailments. It is sweet to taste and is often used as a gentle and effective laxative.


Chinese and Western herbalists also use liquorice root as a cough suppressant and maintain that it also soothes the mouth and throat. In addition they prescribe it for digestive disorders and maintain that it prevents stomach. It can be applied externally to relieve skin irritations such as eczema and herpes sores.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • cough
  • sore throat
  • colic
  • constipation
  • heartburn
  • stomach ulcers
  • arthritis
  • hepatitis
  • cirrhosis


Apply externally for:

  • skin infections,
  • eczema,
  • herpes sores.


Caution...

You may experience upset stomach, diarrhoea, headache, facial puffiness, ankle swelling, oedema (fluid retention), grogginess, weakness.


Do not use this herb if you are pregnant. Also only use in small doses.


Availability...

Liquorice is available as dried root, liquid extract, and capsules

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Liquorice

Description...

This herb brings back memories of sitting around the campfire toasting the delicious lolly called marshmallow. The marshmallow not only tastes great but has medicinal properties. Both the leaves and the roots of the five-foot-high marshmallow plant can be used for medicinal purposes.


The roots can be helpful for acidic stomachs or for ulcers while the leaves are great for people who have low digestive enzymes in their stomachs.


It can also be used for cuts and wounds, mouth sores and other ailments. Babies who are teething are also able to benefit from sucking on a marshmallow root.


How It May Benefit You...

Take marsh mallow internally for:

  • sore throat, coughs, colds, flu, bronchitis, sinusitis.
  • upset stomach, peptic ulcers, gastritis, colitis
  • cystitis, bladder infections, urethritis (inflammation of the urethra)
  • kidney stones.


Apply marsh mallow externally for:

  • abscesses, boils, skin ulcers, cuts, burns, scrapes, other wounds.
  • varicose veins.
  • dental abscesses
  • gingivitis.


Caution...

Unfortunately, the lollies called marshmallow that are available almost anywhere have none of the marshmallow herb in them.


Availability...

Available in dried bulk, capsules, tincture.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Marsh Mallow

Description...

Milk thistle is a powerful liver tonic and is used by herbalists to treat such liver disorders as cirrhosis and hepatitis.
The seeds are the most potent part of the plant and they contain an active ingredient called Silymarin. Apparently, Silymarin helps create new, healthy liver cells without encouraging the growth of any malignant liver tissue that may be present. Silymarin, is also an antioxidant, protecting liver cells from damage by free radicals. This active ingredient can be used by healthy people who can expect to have their liver ready and able to detoxify damaging substances much easier.


Milk thistle also is believed to ease outbreaks of psoriasis.


How It May Benefit You...

Take milk thistle internally for:

  • liver problems, including cirrhosis and hepatitis.
  • inflammation of the gallbladder duct.
  • poisoning from ingestion of the death cup mushroom.
  • psoriasis.


Caution...

Because taking milk thistle increases bile secretion, you may develop loose stools.
If you think that you have a liver disorder, seek medical advice.


Availability...

Available in dried bulk, capsules, extract.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.


Milk Thistle

Description...

There has been a great deal of superstition surrounding mistletoe. It was held sacred to various peoples in Europe who believed this plant could keep the evil spirits away from them. These days mistletoe is widely known as part of a Christmas kissing ritual.


Mistletoe is believed to be a poisonous herb and some authorities believe it should not be used at all. However, there are some of its loyal supporters who report that the herb can remedy high blood pressure. There is an active ingredient in the herb is the toxic substance, and it is this substance which aids high blood pressure.


This herb should only be used under the supervision of your Health Professional.


How It May Benefit You...

  • high blood pressure
  • cancer (In conjunction with conventional medical treatment.)


Caution...

Symptoms of toxicity include nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, headache, decreased heart rate, hallucinations, muscle spasms, and convulsions.


Home remedies using mistletoe are not recommended.


Mistletoe is a poisonous herb, potentially fatal. Do not take it unless specifically prescribed it by your Health Professional.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Mistletoe

Description...

Mullein, is a common roadside plant that has large leaves and small, dense, yellow flowers. The dried leaves, flowers, and roots all serve as remedies.


It has a strong binding action on tissue, and therefore is useful in treating diarrhoea and haemorrhoids. It also helps rid the body of excess mucus from the lungs.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • respiratory conditions such as bronchitis, coughs, colds, flu, asthma
  • gastrointestinal ailments such as stomach cramps, diarrhoea.


Apply externally for:

  • external ulcers,
  • tumours,
  • haemorrhoids.
  • ear problems.


Caution...

You may experience mild stomach upset or diarrhoea.
If you have a history of cancer, consult your doctor before taking this herb internally.
The mullein seeds are toxic. Do not take mullein if you are pregnant or nursing a baby.


Availability...

Mullein is available as tinctures and as dried leaves, flowers, or roots.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Mullein

Description...

Myrrh has many antiseptic and disinfectant properties and is used most often as a deodoriser. It fights through its direct antibacterial action. Myrrh has a history of being used as an ingredient in perfumes, cosmetics and in ancient times for embalming and as an insect repellent.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for

  • mouth and throat infections, gum disease, pharyngitis. Myrrh can be used as a mouthwash or gargle.
  • sinusitis,
  • asthma,
  • chest congestion, coughs, colds,
  • boils.


Apply externally for wounds, abrasions.


Caution...

Myrrh may cause stomach upset or diarrhoea.
Large amounts may have violent laxative action and may cause sweating, nausea, vomiting, kidney problems, or accelerated heartbeat.


Only use recommended doses. Do not use for extended periods as it can cause damage to the kidneys.
If you have kidney disease or are pregnant, consult you health care professional before starting on this herb.


Availability...

Myrrh is available as tinctures and as an ingredient in commercial toothpastes. A powdered herb is made from the resin.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Myrrh

Description...

There would not be many people who have not experienced this herb’s famous sting. Nettle loses it’s sting when it is boiled or dried. Nettle has an erect stem and serrated, dark-green leaves.


A tonic made from the leaves and stems is said to strengthen the body. Herbalists consider nettle a diuretic, and quite able to remove the body’s toxins, and its iron and vitamin C may help prevent anaemia.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for:

  • arthritis
  • gout
  • hay fever
  • premenstrual syndrome
  • vaginal yeast infections
  • excessive menstrual flow
  • haemorrhoids
  • eczema
  • diarrhoea
  • chronic cystitis.


Use internally only under the supervision of a physician for:

  • high blood pressure
  • congestive heart failure.
  • as a tea, can stimulate blood circulation


Caution...

Large doses of nettle tea may cause stomach irritation, constipation, urning skin, or urinary suppression. Call your Doctor immediately.


Do not use uncooked nettle. Nettle is a diuretic, so if you use it frequently, eat foods high in potassium, such as bananas and fresh vegetables.


Availability...

Nettle is available as tinctures, capsules, and dried leaves and stems.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Nettle

Description...

As early as the seventh century, Arabs used nutmeg for digestive disorders, kidney problems, and lymphatic ailments. Today it is used principally as a spice in cooking and as a treatment for diarrhoea, insomnia, indigestion, and flatulence.


It relaxes muscles, sedates the body, and helps remove gas from the digestive tract. Early reports described hallucinogenic reactions to ingesting whole seeds, but these have not been substantiated.


Nutmeg is native to a province of Indonesia once known as the Spice Islands, where it is still used as a culinary seasoning and medicinal herb. It comes from an evergreen tree that produces a fruit called the nutmeg apple. Nutmeg comes from the nut, which is removed and dried.


How It May Benefit You...

  • diarrhoea,
  • indigestion,
  • loss of appetite,
  • colic,
  • flatulence,
  • insomnia.


Caution...

Beware, nutmeg has narcotic properties.


Availability...

Nutmeg is available as a powder and tincture.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Nutmeg

Description...

This herb can be used as a healthy addition to salads as well as to aid a variety of ailments. Parsley possesses such nutrients as chlorophyll, potassium, phosphorus, iodine, calcium, vitamins C and A and works as a breath freshener.


It is used as a digestive aid because of its ability to ease muscle spasms or cramps. Parsley is also considered vital for coughs and asthma. And it is prescribed as a diuretic and mild laxative. Native to the eastern Mediterranean area, parsley is now cultivated around the world.


How It May Benefit You...

  • indigestion and gas
  • congestion from coughs and colds
  • asthma
  • irregular menstruation
  • expels worms
  • freshens breath - particularly after eating garlic
  • premenstrual syndrome
  • fever. - Take internally.
  • high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. (Take internally under the supervision of your Doctor).


Caution...

Pregnant and nursing women should not take parsley juice or oil in medicinal doses, because it may stimulate uterine contractions. However, a few sprigs served as garnish will probably not cause any harm if eaten.


If you use this herb frequently as a medicine, you should increase your intake of foods high in potassium, such as bananas and fresh vegetables, because diuretics deplete the body of potassium.


Availability...

Available as tinctures and as fresh or dried leaves, seeds, stems, and roots.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Parsley

Description...

This herb can be used as a healthy addition to salads as well as to aid a variety of ailments. Parsley possesses such nutrients as chlorophyll, potassium, phosphorus, iodine, calcium, vitamins C and A and works as a breath freshener.


It is used as a digestive aid because of its ability to ease muscle spasms or cramps. Parsley is also considered vital for coughs and asthma. And it is prescribed as a diuretic and mild laxative. Native to the eastern Mediterranean area, parsley is now cultivated around the world.


How It May Benefit You...

  • indigestion and gas
  • congestion from coughs and colds
  • asthma
  • irregular menstruation
  • expels worms
  • freshens breath - particularly after eating garlic
  • premenstrual syndrome
  • fever. - Take internally.
  • high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. (Take internally under the supervision of your Doctor).


Caution...

Pregnant and nursing women should not take parsley juice or oil in medicinal doses, because it may stimulate uterine contractions. However, a few sprigs served as garnish will probably not cause any harm if eaten.


If you use this herb frequently as a medicine, you should increase your intake of foods high in potassium, such as bananas and fresh vegetables, because diuretics deplete the body of potassium.


Availability...

Available as tinctures and as fresh or dried leaves, seeds, stems, and roots.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Passionflower

Description...

The native Indians of Brazil use the bark of this tree to heal many ailments. The extract from the tree is reported to anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral and is also considered an anti-inflammatory agent. It is thought to destroy micro-organisms by increasing the supply of oxygen to cells.


Pau d’arco is also reputed to aid in the treatment of cancer.


How It May Benefit You...

  • bacterial
  • fungal
  • viral
  • parasitic infections
  • indigestion


Availability...

Pau d'arco is available as capsules, tinctures, and dried bark.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Pau D'Arco

Description...

Peppermint plants, have been used medicinally for thousands of years. They reach a height of two feet or more, have purple stems and long leaves; and a familiar minty aroma.


Peppermint has been used as a remedy for indigestion since the days of Egypt. Peppermint is a stimulant and helps food in the stomach digest faster. It also relaxes the muscles of the digestive system.


How It May Benefit You...

  • Cramps
  • stomach pain
  • heartburn, gas
  • nausea associated with migraine headaches
  • morning sickness
  • travel sickness
  • insomnia
  • anxiety
  • fever
  • colds and flu.
  • Itching and inflammation. (Apply a few drops externally.)


Caution...

Do not take pure peppermint.
Give only very dilute preparations to children younger than two years old.
Pregnant women with morning sickness should use a dilute tea rather than a more potent infusion.


Availability...

Peppermint is available as commercial tea, tinctures, and fresh or dried leaves and flowers.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Peppermint 

Description...

Plantain is a weed which usually shows itself as an irritating addition to people’s nicely manicured lawns. However, this plant is useful to the herbalist as it can aid in the treatment of diarrhoea and haemorrhoids.


Plantain also helps rid the body of excess mucus and soothes inflamed and sore membranes, making it useful for treating coughs and mild bronchitis. It can also be used for treating wounds.


How It May Benefit You...

Take internally for...
· diarrhoea,

  • jaundice,
  • neuralgia,
  • kidney and bladder infection,
  • urinary incontinence,
  • thrush,
  • haemorrhoids,
  • loss of appetite.


Apply externally for...

  • external tumours and ulcers;
  • itching, burning, or inflamed skin;
  • cuts;
  • snake and insect bites.


Caution...

No side effects are expected.


Availability...

Plantain is available as tinctures, powdered seeds, dried leaves, seeds, and aboveground parts.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Plantain

Description

The seeds of this herb have been used for centuries to treat diarrhoea, constipation, haemorrhoids, and urinary problems. Both diarrhoea and constipation may be treated, because the mucilage in the seeds swells with the addition of water to give bulk as well as lubrication to the bowel.


Recently it has been suggested that Psyllium may help prevent heart disease.


How It May Benefit You...

  • ulcers
  • colitis
  • constipation
  • hemorrhoidal irritation
  • diarrhea. (Take internally.)

Caution...

Some people may be allergic to the seeds.
You must drink 8 to 10 glasses of water throughout the day when taking Psyllium as a laxative, to prevent blockage of the intestines.


Avoid using this herb if you are pregnant.


Availability...

Psyllium is available as whole seeds, ground or powdered seeds, and in various laxative preparations.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Psyllium

Description

This plant contains a caustic substance when eaten fresh and may cause blisters in the mouth and throat.
Homoeopathic physicians often prescribe Pulsatilla to patients with conditions accompanied by a thick yellow or white discharge.


How It May Benefit You...

  • bed wetting
  • breast infections
  • chickenpox
  • conjunctivitis
  • coughs that cause a rattling sound in the chest
  • headaches in the forehead
  • eye inflammation, if the eyes ache and there is a thick discharge
  • fever with chills
  • hay fever
  • incontinence
  • indigestion
  • aching joints
  • urethritis in men
  • late menstrual periods
  • middle ear infection
  • sciatica
  • sinusitis
  • varicose veins
  • depression with excessive weeping.

Caution...

None expected.


Availability...

Pulsatilla is available over the counter in various potencies, both in liquid and in tablet form. Consult your Homoeopathic Physician for more precise information.

Always seek professional advice for your particular condition/s before taking herbal mixtures.

Pulsatilla